Homemade Slime pasta can burn skin and nails by mixing. The doctors sound the alarm.
ANSES and the DGCCRF alert consumers to the risks involved in the manufacture and handling of Slime, a sticky, elastic and brightly colored paste that is very popular with children and adolescents. We are talking about homemade Slime based on various constituents such as paper glue and laundry.
Several cases of skin and nail damage (burns, redness, itching) have been observed by the poison control centers, the Revidal-Gerda dermato-allergology vigilance network and the AllergOS network. Whatever the burn, you have to immediately dismiss the source of burn and it is advisable to immediately put the burned part under the cool water tap (10 to 15 ° C) for about ten minutes (do not use ice cubes). This helps to cool the lesion which prevents further deterioration of the skin and this partly soothes the pain. Avoid any dye disinfectant that complicates the analysis of the burn. What to do next depends on the severity of the lesions :
• For a burn of first degree (red skin without blisters), applying a cream or moisturizer, recommended by the pharmacist, will moisturize the skin and soothe the pain. Healing occurs in a few days.
• For a burn of second degree (red skin with blisters), do not apply product, cream or ice on the burn. You should not pierce the blisters, and you must consult a doctor to have his opinion on the gravity, and his prescription to do the bandage. Healing usually occurs within a few weeks.
Some second degree lesions are deep and extensive and require care in a specialized center.
• Burns of third degree (absence of pain and sensitivity) are medical emergencies. It is therefore necessary to prevent the rescue by making the 15 or 112 from a mobile.
While waiting for their intervention, put the lesion under cool tap or shower water for 15 minutes. It is not necessary not try to remove the clothes that could stick to the burn.
Boron and infertility
A substance making the elastic paste is obligatorily used: boron. It is used directly in powder form or via medicinal and commercial products such as eye wash liquids or various detergents, without taking into account that boric acid and its derivatives must not be handled by children repeatedly. Indeed, these compounds are toxic for fertility and embryo-fetal development, especially since the amounts used in the manufacture of Slime are greater than in traditional uses.
But, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania's Perelman School of Medicine, infertility is a contributing factor to disease and, therefore, earlier death among women. Women with a history of infertility have a 10% increased risk of death compared to women who do not have infertility problems.
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine in San Antonio, Texas, the US study also looked at specific causes of death. She has shown that women with a history of infertility have an increased risk of 20% cancer-related mortality.
Central nervous system
As indicated by the numerous manufacturing tutorials that flourish on the Web, the basic ingredient for making Slime is liquid paper glue, which contains preservatives, including formaldehyde releasers or isothiazolinones, highly allergenic substances by dermal route, as well as many solvents (ethanol, ethyl acetate, methyl acetate) causing irritation of the respiratory tract and eyes. Solvents are also toxic to the central nervous system.
Handling all these products may also cause severe contact dermatitis * due to allergenic or irritant preservatives. Atopic dermatitis, better known as eczema, is the most common skin condition in children. 10 to 20% of children under 5 would be affected. And obviously for a long time, according to a study published in the journal JAMA Dermatology. While it was thought until now that the disease was disappearing growing in most cases, an American study states that "atopic dermatitis is a lifelong disease with periods of ups and downs in skin problems".
The authors followed more than 7000 children from 2 to 17 years old with atopic eczema, diagnosed on average at the age of 1 year and a half. For more than 5 years, an evaluation of their symptoms and their treatment was done every 6 months. At each age, over 80% of them had eczema symptoms or had to take a treatment for their atopic dermatitis. Over the course of the study, 64% of these young people had no 6-month period without eczema and without medication. It is only from the age of 20 years that one in two patients report at least one period of "remission" of 6 months without treatment in five years of study.
The DGCCRF also carried out an investigation on the kits of "Slime" sold ready in boxes. On 15 samples analyzed, 2 kits contained a boron content above the authorized limit and have already been withdrawn from the market and recalled. Children are the most likely to experience negative impacts of Slime on health.